Blepharoplasty in modern cosmetology is a required operation, with which you can change the shape of the eyelids, incision of the eye, tighten the eyelids and eliminate many aesthetic defects in this region of the face.
The procedure involves removing excess fat deposits and skin from the eyelids. Especially popular is transconjunctival blepharoplasty, which allows the elimination of fatty hernias with minimal losses, that is, without affecting the skin.
Like any cosmetic procedure, eyelid blepharoplasty has several indications:
- skin protruding from the eyelids (upper and lower);
- "fat bags" in the eye area;
- "aged" eyelid;
- ptosis (ptosis) of the lower corners of the eyes, as a result of the change in its shape: the incision is significantly reduced;
- "heavy" eyelids (tired appearance).
Age-related changes put the mark of time on the eyelids early, as the skin around the eyes is very sensitive and sensitive. After 30 years, many people think of eyelid blepharoplasty as the only salvation for sagging and fatty deposits in this area. Someone does not dare to take this step out of ignorance and fear. And it is totally in vain: the procedure is safe, effective and, when performed correctly, has a minimum of negative consequences. You just need to know it better. It is true that there are several types of blepharoplasty, each with its own characteristics.
In modern cosmetology, several types of blepharoplasty are differentiated.
1. Correction of the upper eyelids
For many, blepharoplasty of the upper eyelids becomes a real salvation, whose main objective is to get rid of the bumps. The operation is performed through an incision in the skin along the crease of the upper eyelid. Removes excess skin. At the patient's request, they can immediately perform muscle plastic surgery, removing excess fat.
2. Correction of the lower eyelids
The most popular type is blepharoplasty of the lower eyelids, which eliminates edema, hernias, bags under the eyes. An almost invisible seam runs along the edge of the lashes. This operation is called by doctors a transcutaneous or subciliary blepharoplasty. If the doctor opts for a transconjunctival procedure, an incision is made on the inside of the eyelid. This is possible if you need to redistribute or remove the fatty tissue around the eyes and there is no need to remove skin flaps. This type of blepharoplasty is most often used by young patients.
3. Circular blepharoplasty
Circular blepharoplasty involves simultaneous correction of the upper and lower eyelids.
4. Laser blepharoplasty
Many cosmetology clinics today offer an excellent alternative to surgical eyelid lifting, which is laser blepharoplasty on various devices. It does not require cuts or seams. The doctor controls the depth of laser penetration and the degree of heating of the epidermis. As a result, tissue damage and rehabilitation are minimized. The technology safely and effectively stimulates the production of new collagen and elastin, thus achieving a lifting effect. The procedure takes about 30 minutes, is easily tolerated, does not require anesthesia and does not cause hematoma. Only non-surgical blepharoplasty can boast minimal side effects.
In addition, professional cosmetologists can offer Asian eye shape correction to create a Caucasian crease. You can have plastic surgery to eliminate exophthalmos (effect of bulging eyes), cantopexy (lifting the lower eyelid to eliminate the sad expression from the eyes). The question of how safe are these drastic measures to rejuvenate the eyelids is in the interest of all women who need blepharoplasty: complications are possible after almost all cosmetic procedures.
Side effects after the procedure depend mainly on the type of eyelid surgery chosen: complications can be early (manifested immediately after the operation) and late.
- Edema that persists on the face for more than a week after blepharoplasty: may be accompanied by blurred vision, headache.
- Bleeding as a result of a small subcutaneous hematoma (blood flowing from a damaged vessel accumulates under the epidermis), which is eliminated by puncture or suture of the vessel. In this case, scars, seals, subcutaneous nodules may remain.
- Bleeding can be the result of a hematoma when a large vessel is damaged, when blood accumulates behind the eyeball. This complication is accompanied by pain, bulging of the eyeball, limited mobility of the eyelid. Threatens glaucoma or temporary loss of vision.
- Inversion of the lower eyelid inside out, excessive "opening" of the eye, dryness. In this case, special exercises are prescribed, massages to train the circular muscles of the eyes. Supportive sutures are sometimes applied and surgery is possible.
- An infection that will require a series of antibiotics.
- Diverging seams will cause new stitching.
- Cysts are formed, which sometimes disappear on their own, otherwise they are removed by a specialist.
- Tearing due to narrowing of the tear ducts.
- Unpleasant feelings from a cordial eye.
- Dry keratoconjunctivitis (simultaneous inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea).
- Blepharoptosis (falling of the upper eyelid).
All listed complications of eyelid blepharoplasty require additional therapy and repeated intervention by doctors. However, because of this, you must not abandon a useful and important operation that restores youth. Blepharoplasty effectively and quickly resolves the most painful problems: removes fatty tissue and excess skin around the eyes, reduces the manifestations of age-related changes, performs plastic surgery on the muscles of this part of the face, changes theeye shape and shape, eliminates acquired and congenital eyelid defects. With such indicators, it is a sin not to take advantage of the unique opportunity to give the eyes a second youth and a freshness of splendor.